Four Common Types of Facial Trauma

Injuring your face is often both physically and emotionally traumatic–not to mention that facial trauma can have a significant effect on your health, your quality of life, your finances, and your appearance. After a serious facial injury, it is absolutely vital that you seek professional medical care as soon as possible and that you closely follow your physician’s treatments and recommendations for optimum recovery.

How Does Facial Trauma Happen?

Facial trauma is almost always the result of either an accident or a physical assault. More specifically, the most common causes of facial trauma include:

  • Traffic accidents.
  • Physical assaults (including punching, kicking, stabbing, and gunshots).
  • Sport and recreational injuries.
  • Workplace accidents.
  • Childhood accidents.
  • Falls.
  • Dog bites and animal attacks.

The Four Main Types Of Facial Trauma

Facial trauma is an extremely serious injury because it may affect a number of important sensory organs and bodily processes. For example, facial trauma could affect the eyes (and ability to see), the ear (and the ability to hear), and the mouth (and the ability to speak, eat, and breathe). Getting medical assistance for facial trauma immediately can help mitigate damage and prevent or minimize the long-term effects of the injuries.

The four most common types of facial trauma include:

  • Soft tissue injuries. Soft tissue injuries are the most common and often least serious type of facial injury. Soft tissue injuries may include contusions (bruises), burns, and lacerations (cuts). Soft tissue injuries can be painful, cause significant blood loss, and lead to infection. In addition, soft tissue injuries can leave injury victims with scars and deformities that require further treatment, sometimes for years to come.
  • Broken facial bones. Some of the most common facial bone fractures include a broken orbital bone, a broken nose, and a broken jaw. All three of these medical issues require medical attention and some could require reconstructive surgery and other procedures. If broken bones in the face do not heal correctly, they could cause long-term issues with your sight or your breathing. Broken facial bones may also change your appearance if not treated correctly.
  • Dislocated jaw. A dislocated jaw takes place when one or both of the joins connecting your jaw to your skull become unhinged. This injury requires immediate treatment, especially if a patient is in pain, bleeding, or having difficulty breathing. The jaw will need to be repositioned and stabilized during the healing process or else the patient may have ongoing issues with breathing, biting, chewing, speaking and sleep apnea.
  • Tooth trauma. Lower face and jaw trauma is often accompanied by broken teeth, loose teeth, or missing teeth. Tooth trauma is not only painful, it can also affect your ability to speak, eat, and smile. You should know that teeth that have been knocked out may be able to be replaced if you can recover them and quickly seek the help of a physician or dentist.

Facial Trauma Treatment & Healing At The Surgical Arts Centre

It’s a misconception that the Surgical Arts Centre only offers cosmetic procedures–we have also helped a number of patients recovering from facial trauma, from broken and dislocated jaws to broken teeth to soft tissue injuries. In addition, two of our surgeons, Dr. Clark O. Taylor and Dr. John Holtzen, are both active staff members at five different hospitals where they regularly treat the victims of facial trauma.

To learn more about our services or to schedule an appointment, please call (406) 549-6600 or fill out our Contact Form.

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